Anders, Gary C.. Dependence and underdevelopment: the political economy of Cherokee Native Americans

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Dependence and underdevelopment: the political economy of Cherokee Native Americans

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International. 1979 [1987 copy]. iii, vii, 202 leaves ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Gary Carson Anders

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Cherokee (NN08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF History (175); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); External relations (648); Public welfare (657); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Real property (423); Government regulation (656);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This study focuses on the factors which have contributed to Indian underdevelopment by demonstrating the relationship between the Cherokee tribal economy and the local White economy (p. 17). The author suggests that long-standing U. S. government policies are the basis of Cherokee and other Native Americans' economic dependency. Such dependency he finds is characteristic of internal colonialism. The first chapter details the distribution of poverty as measured in levels of unemployment, earnings and education among Native Americans generally and compares these figures with those for other minority groups. The author then outlines dependency theory whereby nations in control of dependent populations extract economic resources from them for their own use rather than for their colonies' development. This theoretical model the author applies specifically in the case of the Cherokee and to other Indians as well. The author further defends his theoretical approach by comparing dependency theory with conventional theories of development. The middle sections review not only the exploitative side of Cherokee contacts with Whites from the 16th through the 19th centuries, but also elaborates on Cherokee achievements in education and commerce which were extensive enough to make them economically self-sufficient. Cherokee participation in U. S. affairs, especially the Civil War, helped to exacerbate internal polarities between tribal members, however. The last sections of the text concern the establishment of the Cherokee Nation after 1838. The net effect of Federal policies toward the Cherokee as well as the division between Cherokee fullbloods and mixedbloods was the consistent loss of land from the former group. The author maintains that the dispute between traditional Cherokees, who try to preserve their heritage, and the mixedbloods, who control the Indian bureaucracy and have cultural ties with the local economy in Oklahoma as well, is central to understanding Indian underdevelopment.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 20

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn08-020

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM7908374 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Notre Dame, 1979 Includes bibliographical references The first chapter, detailing the distribution of poverty as measured in levels of unemployment, earnings and education among Native Americans generally and comparing these figures with those for other minority groups, has been Indexed for 'THEORETICAL ORIENTATION IN RESEARCH AND ITS RESULTS' (121).

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1977-1978

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Economist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Delores Walters ; John Beierle ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1977-1978

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Oklahoma, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Cherokee Indians


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