Araujo, Frank Patrick, Jr., 1937-. Basque cultural ecology and echinococcosis in California

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I The Problem

I.1 Introduction

I.2 Epidemiology

I.3 The Ecology Of Disease

1.4 The Social Scientist And Epidemiology

1.5 Echinococcosis: Epidemiology

1.5.1 Reservoir Factors

I.5.2 Host Factors

I.5.3 Environmental Factors

I.5.4 Agent Factors

I.6 Echinococcosis: Pendemic Aspects

I.7 Echinococcosis: California Endemicity

I.8 Behavioral Epidemiology

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Chapter Ii European Basques

Ii.1 Introduction

Ii.2 What A Basque Is: European Variant

Ii.3 The Basque Village

Ii.4 Emigration

Ii.5 Summary

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Chapter Iii The California Basque Population

Iii.1 Introduction

Iii.2 The Geographical Setting

Iii.3 The California Basque Population

Iii.4 The Bakersfield Area

Iii.5 Ethnohistory Of The California Basques

Iii.6 Marginal Niches And Ethnicity

Iii.7 Communities And Adjunct Activities

Iii.8 Summary


Chapter Iv Basques And The California Sheep Industry

Iv.1 California Range Management Practices

Iv. 2 Seasonal Events In The California Sheep Industry

Iv.2.1 Spring, Summer And Early Autumn Range

Iv.2.2 Lambing, Fattening And Harvesting


Chapter V Basque Ethnoveterinary Practices

V.1 Ethnoveterinary Practices

V.2 Eusko-anatomia

V.3 Eria “illness”

V.4 Sendebidea ‘ta Eri-itxaro “treatment And Expectation Of Disease”

V.5 Ethnoveterinary Practices Relevant To Echinococcosis


Chapter Vi Husbandry Practices And Echinococcosis

Vi.1 Introduction

Vi.2 Herd Management Adaptations Relative To Echinococcosis

Vi.3 An Individual Case Study

Vi.3.1 Case Study: Description

Vi.3.2 Case Study: Analysis

Vi.4 Conclusion


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Basque cultural ecology and echinococcosis in California

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Michigan: Xerox University Microfilms. 1974. vi, 254 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Frank Patrick Araujo

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1997. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Basque Americans (N018)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Morbidity (164); External migration (167); Domesticated animals (231); Applied animal science (232); Pastoral activities (233);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This dissertation is an epidemiological study of the effects of hydatid disease (Echinococcosis species) on the human and animal populations of California. The anthropological approach that is taken in this work is addressed to determining social and cultural factors which can affect the interaction between man and animals and these are considered in conjunction with other ecological variables. In addition to presenting detailed information on the life cycle of Echinococcosis species and its transmission from sheep to dogs to man, the author discusses various aspects of the sheep herding industry, Basque ethnoveterinary practices, immigration of the Basques from Europe to California, and a brief summary of their ethnography.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. n018-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 74-29,286 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of California, Davis, 1974 Includes bibliographical references (p. 243-254)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1972-1974

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1995

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1972-1974

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) California, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Basque Americans


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