Anderson, Myrdene. Saami ethnoecology: resource management in Norwegian Lapland

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

1. Introduction

1.1. Problem

1.2. Background And Logistics

1.3. Methodological Note

1.4. Organization And Conventions

Vignette Varieties Of Mobility

2. Primary Social Units

2.0. General

2.1. Ethnic Parameters

2.2. Extracultural Orientation: Saami Versus Non-saami, Sábmi And Dá[unknown] Z[unknown] Za

2.2.1. Language

2.2.2. Dress

2.2.3. Status

2.3. Intracultural Identification: Saami Vis-a-vis Saami, Sábmela[unknown] S And Dálula[unknown] S

2.3.1. Dialect

2.3.2. Costume

2.3.3. Occupation

2.4. Noncorporate Soclal Integrals

2.4.1. The Individual Inculcation Of Conformity And Variability Naming Systems And Attitudes Toward Names Official Names Nicknames Lineal Derivational Prefixes Ownership And Control Of Property Private And Public Domains Ownership Brands Reindeer Earmarks

2.4.2. The Family Composition Of And Terminology In The Nuclear Family The Conjugal Pair Division Of Labor

2.4.3. The Household

2.4.4. Extended Family And Other Kin Consanguineal Kin And Kin Related Through Consanguines In-laws And Other Affinal Kin Fictive Kin

2.4.5. Kinship Terminology In Retrospect

2.4.6. The Sii'da

2.5. Social And Historic Factors Bearing On Ethnoecology

Vignette 3 The Fate Of Points In Time

3. Time, Its Structure And Tempo

3.0 General

3.1. The Life Cycle

3.1.1. Childhood And Child-raising Conditions Of Conception Sex, Sect, And Alcohol Abortion Acknowledging Pregnancy Prenatal Experience And Pregnancy The First Dependent Years Orientation With Significant Others Orientation With Self Eating And Drinking Sleeping Sensual And Physical Experience Preschool Years Play And Work Contexts Of Learning And Teaching School Years

3.1.2. Adulthood Active Adult Life Men's Roles And Activities Entering An Occupation Economic Consolidation And Courtship Engagement And Marriage Family Life Women's Roles And Activities Economic Autonomy Motherhood Family Life Old Age

3.2. The Annual Cycle

3.2.1. Some Traditional Calendars

3.2.2. Seasonal Activities The Spring: Gi[unknown] O[unknown] Oa Early Summer: Gi[unknown] O[unknown] Oa-geassi The Summer: Geassi Late Summer:[unknown] Cak'[unknown] Ca-geassi The Autumn:[unknown] Cak'[unknown] Ca Early Winter:[unknown] Cak'[unknown] Ca-dál'vi Winter: Dál'vi Late Winter: Gi[unknown] O[unknown] Oa-dál'vi

3.3. Varlations Of A Daily Routine

3.3.1. The Relativity Of Routine

3.3.2. On Awakening

3.3.3. Meal-taking

3.3.4. Housckeeping

3.3.5. Sources And Destinations

3.3.6. Work At Home

3.3.7. On Napping And Retiring

3.4. Temporal Factors Bearing On Ethnoecology

3.4.1. The Grammatical Expression Of Time Adverbs Of Time The Verb

3.4.2. Some Lexical Domains

3.4.3. Attitudes Toward Time

Untitled Section: ...

4. Space, Its Structure And Occupation

4.0 General

4.1. Interactional Space

4.1.1. Work And Play Relationships On Activizing Relationships And Choice Of Partners Symmetrical Role Relationships Partners: Guoimat Companions: Ol'bmát Name-sharers: Gáimit Asymmetrical Role Relationships Sii'da Head And Sii'da Partner: Siida Isit And Sii'da-guoi'bmi Employer And Hired Hand: Isit Or Eamit And Bál'vá Guest And Host: Guos'si And Verde Extra-human Relationships Herding Dog And Master: Boazo-beana And Isit The Reindeer And Herder: Boccut And Boazo-gea[unknown] C'[unknown] Ci

4.1.2. Contexts Of Instruction And Learning

4.2. Individual Expressive Space

4.2.1. Movement

4.2.2. Postures

4.2.3. Gestures

4.2.4. Contact

4.3. Group Spatial Contexts

4.3.1. Campfire And Tent

4.3.2. Sod Hut, Cabin, And House

4.3.3. Hamlet And Neighborhood

4.3.4. Sii'da And Its Range

4.3.5. Village And Town

1.4. Organization And Conventions

Vignette Varieties Of Mobility

2. Primary Social Units

2.0. General

4.4.2. Some Lexical Domains Direction: Guov'lo Location: Saddji The Organization Of Natural Spatial Entities

4.4.3. Attitudes Toward Space

Untitled Section: ...

5. Organization Of Environmental Resources

5.0 General

5.1. Resource Recognition

5.1.1. Natural Resources In General: Luondo ‘nature’

6.1.2. Biological Resources In Particular

5.1.3. Taxonomic Superstructure Of Biologic Domains

5.2. Systematization Of Eallit ‘animals’ And Utilization Of Zoologic Resources

5.2.0. Survey Statement

5.2.1. Birds: Loddit 1

5.2.2. Mammals And Other Land Vertebrates: Spiret

5.2.3. Fish: Guolit

5.2.4. Flying Invertebrates: Loddit 2

5.2.5. Elongate Crawling Invertebrates: Divrit 1

5.2.6. Beetles And Globular Invertebrates: Gobbát

5.2.7. Shelled Invertebrates: Skál[unknown] Zot

5.3. Systematization Of[unknown] Sad'dagat ‘plants’ And Utilization Of Botanic Resources

5.3.0. Survey Statement

5.3.1. Deciduous Trees: Muorat

5.3.2. Conifer Trees: Goac'ci-muorat

5.3.3. Fungi: Guob'barat

5.3.4. Leafy Plants: Rásit Erect Herbs: Rásit 2 Low Herbs: Lastahat Erect Shrubs: Mies'tagat Low Shrubs: Dag[unknown] Asat

5.3.5. Bladed Plants: Suoinit

5.3.6. Lichens: Jeakkálat

5.3.7. Mosses: Sámmálat

5.4. Relative Lmportance Of Resource Domains

5.4.1. Biologic Resources In General

5.4.2. Physiographic Resources

5.4.3. Meteorological Resources

5.5. Evaluation And Measurement Of Resources

5.5.1. Qualitative And Quantitative Measures Of Interest Material, Sociocultural, And Lexical Coterminance, Conterminance, And Overlap The Half And The Implied Shapes Of Things Paradigm For Categories Of Measurement

5.5.2. Evaluation Of Important Ecologic Variables Terrain As Experienced: Duogá[unknown] S ‘environment, Milieu’ Subjective Weather Conditions: Dál'ki ‘weather, Harsh Weather’ Surface Travel Conditions: Sii'vo Forage Conditions: Guotton ‘pasturage’; And Other Land Use

Vignette 6 Names And Naming

6. Social Organization Of Resource Management

6.0. General

6.1. Linguistic And Sociocultural Issues

6.1.1. Structure And Process In Folk Classification

6.1.2. Nomenclatural Patterns In Saami Ethnobiology

6.1.3. Indicators Of Salience And Assumptions In Saami Ethnoecology

6.1.4. Coping With Variation And Variability

6.2. Patterns Of Consumption And Conversion

6.2.1. Energy And Nonconsumable Resources

6.2.2. Investment And Expenditure Of Energy

6.2.3. Exchange Media

6.3. Overall Factors Bearing On Ethnoecology

6.3.1. Practices In Extensive Reindeer Management The Spatial Stretch The Temporal Squeeze Dependence On Nonindigenous Energy Sources

6.3.2. Child-raising Practices Learning Situations Discriminations In Space And Time

6.3.3. Bilingualism And Biculturalism Impact Of The School And Tourism Attitudes Toward Nonindigenous Knowledge And Techniques

6.3. Implications Of Pattern In Overall Resource Management

6.4. Summary And Conclusions

Untitled Section: ...

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Saami ethnoecology: resource management in Norwegian Lapland

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1978. 3 v. (iii, xxxv, 941 p.) ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Myrdene Anderson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Saami (EP04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Geography (130); History and culture change (170); Language (190); Annual cycle (221); Pastoral activities (233); Ideas about nature and people (820);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This study is the result of nearly five years of fieldwork among the Saami of the regions comprising western Finnmark and northern Troms counties in Norway. The primary focus, however, is the GUOV'DAGEAI'DNO (or KAUTOKEINO) area located in Finnmark County, Norway. 'The social organization, folk knowledge, and physiographic factors shaping Saami transactions with the natural environment are systematized for various ethnoecologic domains and examined for patterns underlying the structure, persistence, and change in the classification of knowledge involved in resource management' (p. i). The work consists of three volumes. Volume I presents the methodology, data on the primary social units of the Saami, life cycle and annual cycle events, daily routine, and temporal factors bearing on ethnoecology. Volume II deals with the concepts of space, its structure and occupation, spatial factors bearing on ethnoecology, and the organization of environmental resources (with much data on native fauna and flora and their utilization), and the social organization of resource management. Volume III consists of four appendices dealing with language, culture history, modern reindeer management (ca. 1971-1976), and GUOV'DAGEAI'DNO and its environs as it exists today (ca.1971-1976).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 18

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ep04-018

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 7915912 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Yale University, 1978 Includes bibliographical references (p. 859-941)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1971-1976 (p. v)

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1994

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). variable

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Guov'dageai'dno (Kautokeino) area, Finnmark County, northern Norway (p. v)

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Saami (European people)/Human ecology


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