Aiyappan, A., 1905-1988. Social revolution in a Kerala village: a study in culture change

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part One: The Village As A Whole

Chapter 1: The Field, Method And Problems

Theoretical Questions

Chapter Ii: The Village Setting

1. Ecology And History

2. The People

3. Natural Resources

4. Why Non-nucleated

5. Mayur, A Structural Reality

6. Villagers And The Outside World

Statement Of The Personal History By The Oldest Man Of The Village

7. Mayur And The Outside World

Chapter Iii: Aspects Of Economic Life

1. Over-crowded And Landless

2. Occupations

3. Coir Industry

4. Fishing

5. Beedi Making

6. Grocery Stores And Tea Shops

7. Other Jobs Connected With Coconut

8. Other Coolies

9. Carpenter

10. Increase In Money Wages

11. Some Changes In Consumption Pattern

12. Emigration From The Village

13. Non-economic Consequences Of Emigration

14. Informal Co-operation: Kuri

15. Funds For Temple

Chapter Iv: Land Tenure

1. Theocracy And Economic Growth

2. History Of Land Tenure

3. The Present Position

4. The 1929 And 1955 Acts

5. Disputes

6. The Temple As Landlord

7. A Case History Of Tenancy Dispute

Chapter V: Social Change In General

1. Some Structural Changes 1

2. Changing Caste Relations

3. Deference Structure

4. Closer Inter-caste Contacts

5. Work No Longer Linked To Caste

Chapter Vi: Communication, Beliefs And Health

1. Literacy

2. Newspaper Reading

3. Information About The World

4. Information About Traditional Hinduism

5. Hard Core Of Faith

6. Declining Interest In Games And Folk Arts

7. The Powerful Influence Of The Cinema

8. Health Problems

Chapter Vii: Local Administration

The Panchayat Board

Part Two: Iravas And Culture Change

Chapter Viii: The Iravas, An Untouchable Caste

1. Iravas—caste Status

2. Tamil, Telugu And Kannada Analogues Of The Irava

3. Ceylonese—buddhist Origin

4. Ethnocentric Histories And Theories Of Origins

5. Comparative Caste Status Of The Iravas

6. Growth Of Orthodoxy

7. Maintenance Of The Caste System

8. Sanskritization

9. The Impact Of Tipu On Kerala

10. Nature Of Changes During The British Period

Chapter Ix: Reduction Of Ritual Social Distance

1. Influence Of The British Administration

2. Campaign Against Untouchability

3. Campaign For Temples

4. The Temple Entry Proclamation Of Travancore

5. The Madras Hindu Religious Disabilities Removal Act , 1947

6. Impact Of The Hindu Religious Disabilities Removal Act

7. Temple Entry In Mayur

8. The Serf Castes Enter Mayur Temple

Chapter X: Irava Leadership In The State And In Mayur

1. Narayana Guru

2. The Village Under An Irava Leader

3. The Village Leader Constructs A Road

4. Mayur Coir Workers' Production And Sales Co-operative Society

Chapter Xi: Prohibition

Chapter Xii: Iravas Of Mayur On The Frontiers Of Politics

1. No Right But To Toil

2. Restoration Of Human Rights Under The British Influence

3. Echoes Of Party Politics

4. Hindus And Non-hindus

5. The Scheduled Castes

6. Irava Caste Association At Mayur

7. The Political Elite

8. Class Politics Splitting Caste

Chapter Xiii: A Resume: The Future

Atomisation Of The Caste

Social Control—then And Now

Institutions That Have Disappeared: The Inangan

Disappearance Of Relics Of Feudalism

Psychological Change

The Future

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Social revolution in a Kerala village: a study in culture change

Published By: Original publisher New York: Asia Publishing House. 1965. x, 183 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication A. Aiyappan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2017. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kerala (AW11)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Castes (564); Political movements (668); Political parties (665); Pressure politics (664); Prophets and ascetics (792); Priesthood (793); Avoidance and taboo (784); Real property (423); Renting and leasing (427); External relations (648); Government regulation (656); Education system (871); Educational theory and methods (876); Research and development (654); Public health and sanitation (744); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Following the formation of Kerala in 1956, a series of social reforms were implemented that were designed to improve the welfare of lower-caste groups previously deemed "untouchable" by the culturally and politically dominant Brahmin and Nayar castes. One involved the opening up of temples, government offices, commercial cinemas, and related public spaces to members of all caste groups. Although the reforms greatly reduced—and in some cases even abolished—the most problematic aspects of caste life, this study shows the rise of new processes and drivers reinforcing preexisting caste-based affiliations and related ideologies. The most important of these were the local and, in some cases, regional organization of political parties along caste and, to some extent, religious lines.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 35

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. aw11-035

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date given

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1793-1965

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ponnani taluk, Malappuram district, Kerala, India

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Villages--India--Kerala//Villages--India--Case studies//Kerala (India)--Social conditions


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